citizen kane screenplay analysis

The contract with Mankiewicz left the matter of his receiving credit open; Welles's correspondence with his lawyer indicated that he did not wish to deny credit to Mankiewicz. "[9]:201[10]:517 When RKO released the film in May 1941, the souvenir program included a double-page spread depicting Welles as "the four-most personality of motion pictures … author, producer, director, star. He implies that American, with only the conventional amount of polishing, was what was filmed. The script for War of the Worlds was written by Howard Koch, who later co-wrote Casablanca (#1). I gave her all the information I had and will send her more. [5]:244, "There is a quality in the film—much more than a vague perfume—that was Mank and that I treasured," Welles said. [6]:215 They were always given the same apartment in La Casa del Monte guest cottage[6]:214—"like a little castle of our own," said Sara Mankiewicz. "[6]:270[24] Mankiewicz wrote his father, "I'm particularly furious at the incredibly insolent description of how Orson wrote his masterpiece. [6]:231 "Mankiewicz, nursing his resentment, had subsequently become obsessed by both Hearst and Davies," Callow wrote, "collecting stories about them the way small boys collect stamps. [9]:185 Forty-four revision pages dated April 28 were given to Welles. Welles visited the ranch occasionally to check on their progress and offer direction. A memorable scene from the 1941 movie Citizen Kane, original screen play by Herman J. Mankiewicz & Orson Welles. “Mank,” the new Netflix film directed by David Fincher, revives this age-old debate. David Fincher’s ‘Mank’ revives the debate. [15]:82, 114 "After seven complete revisions, Welles finally had what he wanted," wrote Brady. Some events and details were invented, and Houseman wrote that he and Mankiewicz also "grafted anecdotes from other giants of journalism, including Pulitzer, Northcliffe and Mank's first boss, Herbert Bayard Swope." [5]:230, Welles did not know Hearst, but he knew much about him through drama critic Ashton Stevens. Howard Hughes was the first idea. He was a performer, as I think all very successful personalities are. Only four of the five scripts reached the air: "The Murder of Roger Ackroyd", "Dodsworth", "Vanity Fair" and "Huckleberry Finn". The official credit reads, "Screenplay by Herman J. Mankiewicz and Orson Welles". … The final version of the screenplay … was drawn from both sources. [5]:244 Carringer summarized: Mankiewicz (with assistance from Houseman and with input from Welles) wrote the first two drafts. [9]:213 "When Mank left for Victorville, we were friends. [6]:53, 72 Soon after moving to Hollywood in 1926,[6]:215 Mankiewicz met Hearst and Davies through his friendship with Lederer. Mankiewicz also threatened to go to the Screen Writers Guild and claim full credit for writing the entire script by himself. [5]:237 Houseman was to serve as editor, Carringer noted, "but part of his job was to ride herd on Mankiewicz, whose drinking habits were legendary and whose screenwriting credentials unfortunately did not include a reputation for seeing things through." One of the greatest films ever made also generated a great controversy. [11]:23 Mankiewicz and Houseman delivered the second draft, bearing a handwritten date of May 9,[15]:99 to Welles after finishing their work in Victorville. Some big American figure—couldn’t be a politician, because you’d have to pinpoint him. [5]:236–237 Welles hesitated to officially agree to give Mankiewicz credit. Tons of work goes into the planning, he argued, but much of a film’s vision comes down to the on-set execution. But Mankiewicz also called the footage "magnificent" and said he liked it "from an ascetical point of view." Analysis | Who actually wrote ‘Citizen Kane’? Orson Welles ' 1941 film Citizen Kane, which Welles directed, produced, and co-wrote with Herman J. Mankiewicz, premiered at the RKO Palace Theatre in New York on May 1, 1941. Gary Oldman and camera operator Brian Osmond (Nikolai Loveikis) Bob StraussDecember 2, 2020Datebook (San Francisco Chronicle) Technically, “Mank” is the story of how the script for what’s often considered the greatest movie ever made, “Citizen Kane,” may have been written. Kael interviewed both Houseman and Alexander, who took dictation from Mankiewicz and told the critic “that Welles didn’t write (or dictate) one line of the shooting script of ‘Citizen Kane.’ ” Welles might have made suggestions early on and pointed out potential cuts, Kael stated, but Alexander held that she never even met him until after Mankiewicz had finished his first draft. After evaluating a “virtually complete” set of script records at the RKO archives, he determined that “the full evidence reveals that Welles’s contribution to the ‘Citizen Kane’ script was not only substantial but definitive.” Kael seemed to base most of the “Raising Kane” argument off an early draft, he stated. Citizen Kane Summary. His principal contributions were the story frame, a cast of characters, various individual scenes, and a good share of the dialogue. "He always denied it," wrote Carringer, "but coincidences between American and Ferdinand Lundberg's Imperial Hearst are hard to explain." Welles and Lederer later became great friends. The basic details are uncontested: Mankiewicz suffered terrible injuries in a crash and, while healing, wrote for Welles’s Mercury Theatre radio show. [4]:356 To Welles, his departure was a relief. [2]:32[13]:221 Welles wanted the work done as inconspicuously as possible,[11]:17 and the ranch offered the additional advantage of prohibiting alcohol. You are stitching those garments onto bodies up to the last 45 seconds before that person walks that runway.”. Mankiewicz immediately went to work on another project for MGM,[f][11]:24 and Houseman left for New York four days later. Film Analysis: Citizen Kane. [11]:17 Mankiewicz was to receive no credit for his work as he was hired as a script doctor; a similar clause was present in the writers' contracts for The Campbell Playhouse. XANADU - FAINT DAWN - 1940 (MINIATURE) Window, very small in the distance, illuminated. The extent of the ingenuity shown by the film Citizen Kane by Orson Welles is so vast that one cannot draw an exhaustive analysis. ", For the next five weeks Mankiewicz wrote the first draft of the script for MGM's. Running Time 119 minutes. He told Welles that there were "not enough standard movie conventions being observed" and that he disliked the theatricality and lack of close-ups in the film. [11]:26–27 "By far the most serious dramatic problem in American is its treatment of Kane," wrote Carringer. There was continual communication with Welles,[15]:81 and Houseman often travelled to Los Angeles to confer with him. [29]:30, Other rebuttals included articles by Sarris,[30] Joseph McBride[31] and Rosenbaum,[32] interviews with George Coulouris and Bernard Herrmann that appeared in Sight & Sound,[33] a definitive study of the scripts by Carringer[15] and remarks in Welles biographies by Leaming[9]:203–204 and Brady. Citizen Kane: Certiflcate U. Welles was invited to celebrate Huxley's birthday at a party where the consensus was that the book could never be made into a film due to Hearst's influence. [15]:116, Carringer observed that Citizen Kane is one of the few Welles projects based on an original story idea rather than an adaption of existing work. INTRODUCTION Citizen Kane is a drama, mystery starring Orson Welles, Joseph Cotten, Dorothy Comingore. [7]:498, "One of the things that bound his friends to him was his extraordinary vulnerability," Welles told Mankiewicz's biographer. Analysis Of Citizen Kane Essay 1166 Words | 5 Pages. In 1971, the film critic Pauline Kael wrote a 50,000-word essay revisiting the debate over who wrote 1941′s “Citizen Kane,” officially credited to screenwriter Herman Mankiewicz and the film’s director, Orson Welles. Citizen Kane (Analysis) Citizen Kane : Analysis on Happiness and Money If Charles Foster Kane is in itself an impressive well of treasures, the film that depicts him has a very valuable intelligence and talents. This academic paper is composed by Samuel. The authorship of the screenplay for Citizen Kane, the 1941 American motion picture that marked the feature film debut of Orson Welles, has been one of the film's long-standing controversies. He holds a small snow-globe, depicting an idyllic snow-covered cabin, as he utters his final word: "Rosebud". How fitting that a film about the elusiveness of truth is the subject of endless argument. "[6]:257[g] Welles had been editing and rewriting the script pages in Beverly Hills. "[14]:43, Mankiewicz and Houseman worked together in seclusion at the ranch for 12 weeks. “I used what I wanted of Mank’s and, rightly or wrongly, kept what I liked of my own.”. Citizen Kane is the only major Welles film on which the writing credit is shared. You never felt you were basking in the warmth of his friendship. Mankiewicz was accompanied by a nurse, secretary Rita Alexander, Houseman, and a 300-page rough script of the project that Welles had written. "According to Kael, the script was written almost entirely by Mankiewicz, and Welles had actively plotted to deprive him of any screen credit. The preliminary work consisted of dialogue and some camera instructions. He studies Biological Sciences at Ohio State University. Loved him. "That's all bullshit. [5]:238 Dated July 16, 1940, the final shooting script was 156 pages. Welles's first wife Virginia moved to Los Angeles shortly after their divorce,[5]:231–232[18] and on May 18, 1940, she married screenwriter Charles Lederer, favorite nephew of Hearst's mistress Marion Davies. And that probably gave the picture a certain tension, the fact that one of the authors hated Kane and one loved him. Mank is based on Herman J. Mankiewicz, noted old Hollywood script doctor and Orson Welles' co-writer on Citizen Kane (1941). "[3]:447 Orson Welles told Peter Bogdanovich that "Nobody was more miserable, more bitter, and funnier than Mank ... a perfect monument of self-destruction. [l][m][28] The article included the revelation that Kael used the research and interviews of Dr. Howard Suber, an assistant professor at UCLA where she was then a guest lecturer, without ever crediting him. Regardless, Welles claimed he penned his own draft of the script while Mankiewicz was in Victorville: “At the end, naturally, I was the one who was making the picture, after all — who made the decisions,” he said. All reveal in some way that Kane is arrogant, thoughtless, morally bankrupt, desperate for attention, and incapable of giving love. Directed by and starring a 25-year-old Welles and released in 1941, the movie was astonishing in part because of its stylistic virtuosity but also because it rebelled against the political clichés of the 1930s. Orson Welles, the boy wonder of radio and stage, was given freedom by RKO Radio Pictures to make any picture he wished. “The movie business is an incredibly couture boutique storytelling venture,” Fincher said, “and every single designer at the head of his house works in a different way. Welles (Tom Burke) appears in the film, but it’s mostly about Mank. The authorship of the screenplay for Citizen Kane, the 1941 American motion picture that marked the feature film debut of Orson Welles, has been one of the film's long-standing controversies. Citizen Kane : A Film Analysis Of The Movie Citizen Kane 1656 Words | 7 Pages. Mankiewicz made the difference. [5]:553–554 Rosenbaum also reviewed the controversy in his editor's notes to This is Orson Welles (1992). "[6]:168, Welles further said this to Mankiewicz's biographer: "I have only one real enemy in my life that I know about, and that is John Houseman. [15]:109–110 "That the subsequent installments are also attributable chiefly to Welles is indicated both by the circumstances and by the nature of the revisions," Carringer wrote. But we got pretty quickly to the press lords. Synopsis It's 1941, and newspaper tycoon Charles Foster Kane (Orson Welles, who also directed and co-wrote the script) is dead. Get Essay About the author. The screenplay is credited to Fincher’s father, Jack, and favors Kael’s telling of events. [6]:212–213 By 1936, however, Mankiewicz was no longer welcome in Hearst's circle due to his drinking and political arguments. This man is dead. "It is a little cheeky of Mankiewicz [to hand in a first draft of Citizen Kane that is 325 pages long] because he was an old hand at this. [7]:102 The title was contributed by RKO studio chief George Schaefer,[4]:82 who was concerned that calling the film American would seem cynical and identify too closely with Hearst, whose newspapers included the American Weekly and the New York Journal-American. [h][11]:21, 23. He also said that he thought the audience would not understand the film. As far as I could judge, the co-billing was correct. Chief amongst Kael’s claims was that Mankiewicz was the principal writer of “Citizen Kane,” an argument countering the auteurist stance that Welles — [7]:132 "It was something [Mankiewicz] had been thinking about for years," Houseman wrote, “the idea of telling a man’s private life (preferably one that suggested a recognizable American figure), immediately following his death, through the intimate and often incompatible testimony of those who had known him at different times and in different circumstances.”[3]:448–449, Welles himself had worked with the concept. He also transformed Kane from a cardboard fictionalization of Hearst into a figure of mystery and epic magnificence. The two men agreed to work on a project inspired by the newspaper giant William Randolph Hearst (Charles Dance in “Mank”), and the film picks up with Mankiewicz heading off to the ranch with Welles’s former collaborator John Houseman (Sam Troughton), secretary Rita Alexander (Lily Collins) and a German nurse (Monika Gossmann) hired to look after Mankiewicz’s health. That terrible wreck. Though neither he nor Welles attended the Academy Awards, where the film won best screenplay, he said his acceptance speech would have been, “I am very happy to accept this award in Mr. Welles’s absence because the script was written in Mr. Welles’s absence.”. Review: ‘Mank’ is a movie made to delight critics and cinephiles. [5]:237 With his own secretary, Katherine Trosper, Welles was reworking the draft pages in Hollywood. [15][n] Carringer studied the collection of script records—"almost a day-to-day record of the history of the scripting"—that was then still intact at RKO. Welles’s direction therefore deserved all the credit for “Citizen Kane” being a “miracle,” Richler wrote, something he said “Miss Kael would be the last to deny him.”, But the authorship claims, which director Peter Bogdanovich disputed in a 1972 Esquire article, remained. [8]:88 In December 1939, after a violent quarrel with Welles over finances, Houseman resigned and returned to New York. These shows Welles making major changes to the Citizen Kane script up to and including new scenes and some of the movie's best lines. [9]:204, After lodging a protest with the Screen Writers Guild, Mankiewicz withdrew it, then vacillated. "John Houseman on 'What happened to Orson Welles? Welles biographer Barbara Leaming believes that Mankiewicz reacted this way out of fear of getting no credit at all. [9]:185 In the last week of February or the first week of March 1940,[11]:17 Mankiewicz retreated to the historic North Verde Ranch[c] on the Mojave River in Victorville, California, to begin working on the script. Moreover, the film was directed by Orson Welles. Citizen Kane Movie Analysis 1156 Words | 5 Pages. His contract with RKO stated that the film would be produced, directed, performed and written by Welles, and his "boy wonder" persona had great publicity value for the studio. He respected Hearst's knowledge and was privileged to be invited to his private office where he mingled with Hearst's editors and columnists. Earlier, he was the Berlin correspondent for the Chicago Tribune and the drama critic for The New York Times and The New Yorker. Thompson, the reporter, never does find out what Kane meant by "Rosebud." "I Missed It at the Movies: Objections to 'Raising Kane, "Welles pic script scrambles H'wood history", "Exit the hatchet woman: Why Pauline Kael was bad for world cinema", "The 14th Academy Awards (1942) Nominees and Winners", It's All True: Based on an Unfinished Film by Orson Welles, Magician: The Astonishing Life and Work of Orson Welles, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Screenplay_for_Citizen_Kane&oldid=992501148, Films with screenplays by Herman J. Mankiewicz, Articles needing more detailed references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 16:31. [9]:204–205[19][d], In his earlier years as a journalist, Mankiewicz sought political reporters who kept him up on gossip about Hearst, and he had even started to write a play about him. He couldn’t be affectionate or loving outside his family. "He liked the attention he got as a great, monumental self-destructing machine. [9]:204, Mankiewicz began threatening Welles to get credit for the film. Herman Mankiewicz was the older brother of Joseph Mankiewicz (#5 All About Eve). The Citizen Kane script was the product of both of them. And people loved him. [5]:235 Over the next five weeks Welles spent many long evenings brainstorming plot ideas in the bedroom of the small rented house where Mankiewicz was in traction with his shattered leg. Screenwriter Herman J. Mankiewicz was a notorious personality in Hollywood. Ma… The fact is that there isn't one single line in the picture that wasn't in writing—writing from and by me—before ever a camera turned. Christopher McKittrick. “Citizen Kane” barely squeaked by at the box office, and won just one of its nine 1941 Oscar nominations — Best Screenplay, for Welles and Mankiewicz. "A neurotic drinker and a compulsive gambler, he was also one of the most intelligent, informed, witty, humane and charming men I have ever known. Not coincidentally, it is also the Welles film that has the strongest story, the most fully realized characters, and the most carefully sculpted dialogue. Citizen Kane By Herman J. Mankiewicz & Orson Welles PROLOGUE FADE IN: EXT. By telling Kane’s story … Interspersed with segments of his newsreel obituary are scenes from his life and death. A rich incorporation of the experiences and knowledge of its authors, the film earned an Academy Award for Best Writing (Original Screenplay) for Herman J. Mankiewicz and Welles. Although he played a key role in writing Citizen Kane, Welles did not create the script single-handedly. Much evidence suggests that the original idea for Citizen Kane came from Herman Mankiewicz, a battle-hardened Hollywood scriptwriter. The name of the Victorville ranch where Mankiewicz and Houseman worked changed in 1943, from the North Verde Ranch to its present name, the Kemper Campbell Ranch. "[15]:115 At that stage of the scripting, Kane was a caricature of Hearst rather than the fully developed character of the final film. [20] Kael's unacknowledged primary source was Houseman. All others, not so much. [34][35], Any question of authorship was resolved with Carringer's 1978 essay, "The Scripts of Citizen Kane". Leaming notes, "This assertion will seem odd to anyone who has examined Houseman's personal papers deposited at UCLA. The ‘difficult genius’ trope was always problematic. [7]:504–505[9]:235–236, In late December, the executive board of RKO Pictures all but ordered studio chief George Schaefer to stop paying salaries to the Mercury Productions staff until Welles submitted an acceptable script and set a start date for filming. An old man lies alone in a dark, isolated castle. Orson Welles’ 1941 drama Citizen Kane is now widely considered to be the single greatest film ever made.This is largely due to the vital precedent it set for contemporary cinema; it was lauded as a technical and narrative innovation in its time, and the notional seeds it sowed into the cultural public consciousness have had, and continue to have, an immense impact on art. Get Your Custom Essay on Citizen Kane Analysis Just from $13,9/Page. With a story spanning 60 years, the quasi-biographical film examines the life and legacy of Charles Foster Kane, played by Welles, a fictional character based in part upon the American newspaper magnate William … The opening shots show Xanadu, Kane's vast, elaborate, and now unkempt estate in Florida. "[17]:111 Hill said that even as a boy Welles was interested in the lives of the controversial tycoons: "He sensed, even then, the theatrical impact that could be gained in assaulting, and possibly toppling, giants," wrote Brady. "[4]:500[21], In 1969, when he was interviewed for the official magazine of the Directors Guild of America, Houseman concurred with Welles's description of the scripting process: "He [Welles] added a great deal of material himself, and later he and Herman had a dreadful row over the screen credit. "[15]:117, The screenplay for Citizen Kane received the Academy Award for Best Writing (Original Screenplay), shared by Herman J. Mankiewicz and Orson Welles.[37]. But, you know, when the bitterness wasn't focused straight at you, he was the best company in the world. The origins of “Citizen Kane” are well known. Welles then "adapted it with the same freedom and disregard for authority with which he adapt[ed] a Shakespeare play or a thriller by Nicholas Blake. Now it’s obsolete. The 10 best journalism movies, in the words of Katie Couric, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, As ‘The Crown’ tackles recent history with Princess Diana, the show hits a nerve. Welles's assistant Richard Wilson said that the person who circled Mankiewicz's name in pencil, then drew an arrow that put it in first place, was Welles. [6]:230 Mankiewicz and Lederer delighted in concocting facsimile newspapers that needled Hearst and his publications, for the amusement of Hearst and Davies. “Mank” also includes his decision to sign a contract giving up any writing credit on the “Citizen Kane” script, an agreement he later went back on by filing a complaint with the Writers Guild. "Mank always needed a villain. Editing in Citizen Kane shall be analyzed in this essay in detail. This included threatening to post full-page ads in trade papers and getting his friend Ben Hecht to write an exposé about their collaboration in the Saturday Evening Post. In Orson Welles’ film Citizen Kane, he uses cinematographic elements to help to develop the growth of power of Charles Foster Kane throughout his life. This provided a comprehensive analysis of all the extant drafts of the Kane screenplay, based on “a virtually complete set of script records for Citizen Kane” preserved in the RKO archives. …mogul Charles Foster Kane in Citizen Kane. "[6]:270, Mankiewicz had seen rushes of the film shortly before this and said he was unhappy with the footage. And, … That was his role, and he played it to the hilt. Chief among Kael’s claims was that Mankiewicz was the principal author of “Citizen Kane,” an argument countering the auteurist stance that Welles — also the director, producer and star — was responsible for most of the work. [4]:44 He also said that his father and Hearst knew each other. I can tell you positively he didn't." Save 84% off the newsstand price! "[16]:6 Roger Hill, head of the Todd Seminary for Boys and Welles's mentor and lifelong friend, wrote that Welles once told him about a project he was considering: "He had outlined to me, years earlier, a plan for a stage play based on the life of an American tycoon who would be a composite of Insull, McCormick and Hearst. [6]:237 Mankiewicz was enraged when an August 1940 column by Louella Parsons quoted Welles as saying, " … and so I wrote Citizen Kane. [5]:236 Welles's attorney, Arnold Weissberger, did not want to give RKO any cause to break Welles's contract should they wish to promote the film as solely his work. [6]:245–246 Mankiewicz testified in a court proceeding a few years later[specify] that the idea for the film began with a March of Time-style sequence that set out the life of a particular character whose life would then be the subject of the film. "[6]:260, For some time, Mankiewicz had wanted to write a screenplay about a public figure—perhaps a gangster—whose story would be told by the people who knew him. The Citizen Kane script is the most important screenplay of all time, said Leila Dunbar, director of Sotheby’s Collectibles Department. Mankiewicz proved very useful, particularly working with Houseman as editor,[6]:240–242 and wrote five scripts for Campbell Playhouse shows broadcast between November 12, 1939, and March 17, 1940. [15]:81–82 Welles respected her for her service on the unproduced Heart of Darkness script. Mankiewicz and his wife were part of the social set invited to Hearst Castle on several occasions. [10]:484 By late January their disagreements over plot details were more frequent and their collaboration less creative. The fourth draft dated June 18 was the first to be titled Citizen Kane. Basically, the idea Rashomon used later on. The official screenplay for Citizen Kane is credited to Herman J. Mankiewicz and Orson Welles, but there's an ongoing rumor that Orson Welles didn't write the screenplay for Citizen Kane, which seems nuts and is hard to prove. [4]:494–501, "Orson was vigorously defended," wrote biographer Barton Whaley, "but in less prominently placed articles; so, again, the damage was immense and permanent. He reviewed all seven drafts and concluded that "the full evidence reveals that Welles's contribution to the Citizen Kane script was not only substantial but definitive. The most important news stories of the day, curated by Post editors and delivered every morning. Like that of Citizen Kane, the play’s plot is structured around a journalist attempting to understand Brown by interviewing people who knew him and have different perspectives on him. The screenplay is credited to Fincher’s father, Jack, and favors Kael’s telling of occasions. That terrible vulnerability. [9]:185, On February 19, 1940, Mankiewicz signed a contract with Mercury Productions to work on the screenplay. Welles's irritation with Mankiewicz passed quickly, and he spoke of him with fondness. As a teenager in 1932 he wrote a play about the life of abolitionist John Brown called Marching Song. Analysis Interpretation of the news based on evidence, including data, as well as anticipating how events might unfold based on past events. Film scholar Robert Carringer aimed to settle the matter in his 1985 book “The Making of Citizen Kane” and the preceding 1978 essay “The Scripts of ‘Citizen Kane,’ ” which presented a version of events widely accepted today. [26]:206–207, "Raising Kane" angered many critics, most notably Bogdanovich, a close friend of Welles who rebutted Kael's claims in "The Kane Mutiny", an October 1972 article for Esquire. These faults eventually cause Kane to lose his paper, fortune, friends, and beloved second wife, Susan. Don't use plagiarized sources. [a][7]:98 Houseman and Welles were partners in the Mercury Theatre,[4]:55 but when Mercury productions moved from New York to California the partnership ended and Houseman became an employee, working primarily as supervising editor on the radio shows. He had written many scripts. [9]:202, After he came to agreement with Welles on the story line and character,[4]:54 Mankiewicz was given the job of writing the first draft that Welles could rework. [4]:52–53 He summarized the screenwriting process: "The initial ideas for this film and its basic structure were the result of direct collaboration between us; after this we separated and there were two screenplays: one written by Mr. Mankiewicz, in Victorville, and the other, in Beverly Hills, by myself. These pages were given to RKO script supervisor Amalia Kent, who broke the material down in continuity form for the production units. [10]:487 Mankiewicz was advised by his agents, Columbia Management of California, and before he signed the contract it was again made clear that all credit for his work belonged to Welles and the Mercury Theatre, the "author and creator". In 1947 Ferdinand Lundberg sued the creators of, Act Three of Houseman's 1972 autobiography, In May 1969 Houseman recorded in his journal that he had a long lunch with Kael, who "seems highly agitated over her 'discovery' of Herman Mankiewicz. "[10]:484, During March, April and early May 1940, Mankiewicz dictated the screenplay, titled American. [2]:12 "His behavior, public and private, was a scandal," wrote John Houseman. In an interview with Vulture, even Fincher offered a gentle critique of Kael. [4]:359 He would receive $1,000 a week for his work as long as he was not "incapacitated by illness or any other reasons",[5]:236 and would be paid a $5,000 bonus on delivery of the script. The film was distributed by RKO Radio Pictures. [15]:119 Welles came to suspect that Houseman had turned Mankiewicz against him. In the very beginning, Welles’ uses the element of deep space to portray the level of power of each character in the scene. [2]:32[7]:471[22] Carringer wrote that "in his lengthy account of the Victorville interlude, Houseman gives the impression that Mankiewicz started out with a clean slate, and that virtually everything in the Victorville drafts is Mankiewicz's original invention. ", "The by-line carried only my name," Bogdanovich later wrote, "but Orson had taken a strong hand in revising and rewriting. Welles was 24 when he co-wrote Citizen Kane. [9]:55, 184–185 "Orson was from Chicago," said the Mercury Theatre's Richard Wilson, "and I believe he was as much influenced by Samuel Insull and Colonel Robert McCormick as he was by the figure of Hearst. "[4]:53, Welles and Mankiewicz soon settled on the idea of using newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst as their central character. The bold essay was published in back-to-back issues of the New Yorker. "Houseman blandly ignores this fact. Obviously, lots of people want to claim ownership of the idea. [5]:235 Welles later said the germinal idea was to create a posthumous portrait of a man through many points of view, in the recollections of those who knew him. With a story spanning 60 years, the quasi-biographical film examines the life and legacy of Charles Foster Kane, played by Welles, a fictional character based in part upon the American newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst and Chicago tycoons Samuel Insull and Harold McCormick. , Welles called Mankiewicz 's assessment of the Movie Citizen Kane Movie Analysis 1156 |! Writers Guild and claim full credit for writing the entire script by himself xanadu, Kane 's,... Analysis Interpretation of the idea subject of endless argument at you, he was a performer, well! Elaborate, and favors Kael ’ s mostly about Mank told Leaming on.... 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Want to claim ownership of the New York Times and the New Netflix film directed Orson! Los Angeles to confer with him you positively he did n't. seated near his at. He mingled with Hearst 's life used as the main source he utters his final utterance seem to... Post editors and columnists ]:43, Mankiewicz 's rancor toward Welles over...

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