amerigo vespucci death

Along the way they had business in Bologna, Milan, and Lyon. Naturalized Castilian in the year 1505, he dedicated himself to commerce in Spain in the 15th century and was hired by the Medicis who were a powerful and wealthy family of the time. When Berardi died, either at the end of 1495 or at the beginning of 1496, Vespucci became manager of the Sevilla agency. He left most of his modest estate, including five household slaves, to his wife. But the Spanish government did not welcome his proposals, and at the end of 1500 Vespucci went into the service of Portugal. Vespucci and his backers financed two of the four ships in the small fleet. [3] The family resided in the District of Santa Lucia d'Ognissanti along with other families of the Vespucci clan. In the late summer, they decided to head north for the Spanish colony at Hispaniola to resupply and repair their ships before heading home. Some writers question the authorship and accuracy of the letter and consider it to be a forgery. On the upper part of the map, with the hemisphere comprising the Old World, appears the picture of Ptolemy; on the part of the map with the New World hemisphere is the picture of Vespucci. Sailing south along the coast they found friendlier natives and were able to engage in some minor trading. After years of controversy, the authenticity of the three complete letters was convincingly demonstrated by Alberto Magnaghi in 1924. Since Vespucci took part as navigator, he certainly cannot have been inexperienced; but it does not seem possible that he had made a previous voyage (1497–98) in this area (i.e., around the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic coast from Florida to Chesapeake Bay), though this matter remains unresolved. Very little is known about her; Vespucci's will refers to her as the daughter of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. From there the fleet split up: Ojeda proceeded northwest toward modern Venezuela, while two ships headed south with Vespucci aboard. Forced to turn around, the ships headed north, retracing their course to the original landfall. From his extensive explorations, he also claimed that the discovered lands were composed of a distinct landmass and that the E… Italian navigator. [38], Many supporters of Columbus felt that Vespucci had stolen an honour that rightfully belonged to Columbus. Before crossing the Atlantic they resupplied at Cape Verde where they encountered Cabral on his way home from his voyage to India. In a preface to the Letter, Ringmann wrote, I see no reason why anyone could properly disapprove of a name derived from that of Amerigo, the discoverer, a man of sagacious genius. Within a few years of the publication of his two letters, the European public became aware of the newly discovered continents of the Americas. [18], The armada left Spain on 18 May 1499 and stopped first in the Canary Islands before reaching South America somewhere near present-day Surinam or French Guiana. He was 57 years old; the cause of death remained unknown. Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) was a Florentine sailor, explorer, and trader. Years later, Ojeda recalled that "Morigo Vespuche" was one of his pilots on the expedition. [12] Two of these letters were published during his lifetime and received widespread attention throughout Europe. His widow, Maria Cerezo, was granted a pension in recognition of her husband’s great services. He was awarded honorary Spanish citizenship. Two series of documents on his voyages are extant. Instead, he was mostly educated by one of his uncles, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, who was a monk. By this point the name had been securely fixed on the New World. [25], By early 1505, Vespucci was back in Seville. I Vespucci furono un'antica famiglia nobiliare di Firenze, originaria di Peretola. [20], In 1501, Manuel I of Portugal commissioned an expedition to investigate a landmass encountered unexpectedly by Pedro Álvares Cabral on his voyage to India. Two others have been alleged but the evidence is more problematical. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Died: 22-Feb - 1512. Although Vespucci subsequently helped to prepare other expeditions, he never again joined one in person. Fortunately for Amerigo, his uncle was one of the most celebrated humanist scholars in Florence at the time and provided him with a broad education in literature, philosophy, rhetoric, and Latin. Upon landing they encountered a hostile band of natives who killed and ate one of the crewmen. He used the name America on the map in 1507. In 1538, Gerardus Mercator used America to name both the North and South continents on his influential map. Born: March 9, 1451. Earlier generations of Vespucci had funded a family chapel in the Ognissanti church, and the nearby Hospital of San Giovanni di Dio was founded by Simone di Piero Vespucci in 1380. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Amerigo-Vespucci, The Mariners' Museum - Exploration through the Ages - Biography of Amerigo Vespucci, Amerigo Vespucci - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Amerigo Vespucci - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He was paid an annual salary of 50,000 "maravedis" with an extra 25,000 for expenses. In 1924, Alberto Magnaghi published the results of his exhaustive review of Vespucci's writings and relevant cartography. [12], In 1515, Sebastian Cabot became one of the first to question Vespucci's accomplishments and express doubts about his 1497 voyage. And by a king, no less. What did Ernest Giles cross in 1875? Vespucci claimed to have understood, back in 1501 during his Portuguese expedition, that Brazil was part of a different continent, which he called the New World. The voyage of 1501–02 is of fundamental importance in the history of geographic discovery in that Vespucci himself, and scholars as well, became convinced that the newly discovered lands were not part of Asia but a “New World.” In 1507 a humanist, Martin Waldseemüller, reprinted at Saint-Dié in Lorraine the “Quattuor Americi navigationes” (“Four Voyages of Amerigo”), preceded by a pamphlet of his own entitled “Cosmographiae introductio,” and he suggested that the newly discovered world be named “ab Americo Inventore…quasi Americi terram sive Americam” (“from Amerigo the discoverer…as if it were the land of Americus or America”). America Named After Amerigo . While in Spain, Vespucci was drawn to the excitement surrounding the growing interest in exploration. It was decorated with prominent portraits of Ptolemy and Vespucci and, for the first time, the name America was applied to a map of the New World. Other modern historians and popular writers have taken varying positions on Vespucci's letters and voyages, espousing two, three, or four voyages and supporting or denying the authenticity of his two printed letters. Humboldt also called into question the assertion that Vespucci recognized that he had encountered a new continent. After a halt at the Cape Verde Islands, the expedition traveled southwestward and reached the coast of Brazil toward Cape St. Augustine. The Americas are generally believed to have With Amerigo Vespucci, however, was the son of his brother Antonio, Giovanni, who was born on 6 March, 1486, and who was named piloto mayor in 1512, upon the death of his predecessor and uncle, Amerigo. Although Amerigo was ten years older, they had been schoolmates under the tutelage of Giorgio Antonio Vespucci. 5 other U.S. places named for … Coelho left Cape Verde in June and from this point, Vespucci's account is the only surviving record of their explorations. [3][4] More importantly, the Vespuccis had good relations with Lorenzo de' Medici, the powerful de facto ruler of Florence. Historian Fernández-Armesto speculates that she may have been the illegitimate offspring of celebrated military leader, the "Grand Captain", a connection that would have been very useful to Vespucci. They suggest that they were fabrications based in part on genuine Vespucci letters. The period during which Vespucci made his voyages falls between 1497 and 1504. [2], Amerigo Vespucci was the third son of Nastagio Vespucci, a Florentine notary for the Money-Changers Guild, and Lisa di Giovanni Mini. At the end of 1491 their agent, Giannotto Berardi, appears to have been engaged partly in fitting out ships; and Vespucci was probably present when Christopher Columbus returned from his first expedition, which Berardi had assisted. Many historians have analysed these documents and have arrived at contradictory conclusions. [14] Others point to the inconsistencies in the narrative of the voyage, particularly the alleged course, starting near Honduras and proceeding northwest for 870 leagues (about 5,130 km or 3,190 mi)–a course that would have taken them across Mexico to the Pacific Ocean. Amerigo did not go to elementary, middle, or high school. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454–February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer and cartographer. During the next few months he received payments from the crown for his services and in April he was declared by royal proclamation a citizen of Castile and León. According to a theory of Alberto Magnaghi, on the contrary, these documents are to be regarded as the result of skillful manipulations, and the sole authentic papers would be the private letters, so that the verified voyages would be reduced to two. The king wanted to know the extent of this new discovery and determine where it lay in relation to the line established by the Treaty of Tordesillas. Amerigo Vespucci, (born 1454?, Florence, Italy—died 1512, Sevilla, Spain), merchant and explorer-navigator who took part in early voyages to the New World (1499–1500, 1501–02) and occupied the influential post of piloto mayor (“master navigator”) in Sevilla (1508–12). Vespucci's immediate family was not especially prosperous but they were politically well-connected. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [9][10], Sometime after he settled in Seville, Vespucci married a Spanish woman, Maria Cerezo. In February 1931, the ship Amerigo Vespucci was floated off from Napoli. Instead, he may have served as a commercial representative on behalf of the fleet's investors. The Vespuccis were a prominent family and friends with the powerful Medicis, who ruled Italy for more than 300 years. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. He requested to be buried in a Franciscan habit in his wife's family tomb. In the first series of documents, four voyages by Vespucci are mentioned; in the second, only two. That land would eventually become present-day Brazil. [29], Upon his death, Vespucci's wife was awarded an annual pension of 10,000 "maravedis" to be deducted from the salary of the successor chief pilot. He died of malaria on February 22, 1512 at his home in Seville, Spain. Amerigo Vespucci, (born 1454?, Florence, Italy—died 1512, Sevilla, Spain), merchant and explorer-navigator who took part in early voyages to the New World (1499–1500, 1501–02) and occupied the influential post of piloto mayor (“master navigator”) in Sevilla (1508–12). Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... A famous Italian navigator, born at Florence, 9 March, 1451; died at Seville, 22 February, 1512. From there Vespucci continued up the South American coast to the Gulf of Paria and along the shore of what is now Venezuela. They passed two huge rivers (the Amazon and the Para) which poured freshwater 25 miles (40 km) out to sea. Death. Amerigo Vespucci, finally, is a rather embarrassing namesake, who, though a hero to some, is a villain to many, denounced as a charlatan or a fraud, a cuckoo who nested in Columbus’s rightful glory. Professor of Geography, University of Rome, 1915–59. Vespucci's findings have been lost but Capponi returned to Florence around this time and Berardi took over the Medici business in Seville. Religion: Roman Catholic. (This is the second expedition of the traditional series.) He continued his work as a chandler, supplying ships bound for the Indies. The Introduction was written in Latin and included a Latin translation of the Soderini Letter. France and Easton, the 1507 Waldseemüller Map in the Library of Congress, Online Galleries, History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amerigo_Vespucci&oldid=983020103, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Seville, Spain. In 1495, Berardi signed a contract with the crown to send 12 resupply ships to Hispaniola but then died unexpectedly in December without completing the terms of the contract. The remainder of the voyage is disputed, but Vespucci claimed to have continued southward, and he may have sighted (January 1502) Guanabara Bay (Rio de Janeiro’s bay) and sailed as far as the Río de la Plata, making Vespucci the first European to discover that estuary (Juan Díaz de Solís arrived there in 1516). [5] Meanwhile he continued to show an interest in geography, at one point buying an expensive map made by the master cartographer Gabriel de Vallseca. At the beginning of 1505 he was summoned to the court of Spain for a private consultation and, as a man of experience, was engaged to work for the famous Casa de Contratación de las Indias (Commercial House for the Indies), which had been founded two years before at Sevilla. [19] At some point they may have rejoined Ojeda but the evidence is unclear. The claim inspired cartographer Martin Waldseemüller to recognize Vespucci's accomplishments in 1507 by applying the Latinized form America for the first time to a map showing the New World. Under Portuguese auspices Vespucci completed a second expedition, which set off from Lisbon on May 13, 1501. Because our ancestors had no knowledge of them, and it will be a matter wholly new to all those who hear about them, for this transcends the view held by our ancients, inasmuch as most of them hold that there is no continent to the south beyond the equator, but only the sea which they named the Atlantic and if some of them did aver that a continent there was, they denied with abundant argument that it was a habitable land. Continued up the South American coast to the original landfall role on the contrary, the king likely. Humanistic education by his uncle Giorgio Antonio Vespucci world '' or the `` new ''. 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